МОРФОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ПАРАМЕТРЫ И ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ СОКРАТИМОСТИ МЫШЦ РУК НА ПЕРВОМ ЭТАПЕ ОТБОРА В ВОДНОЕ ПОЛО: РАЗЛИЧИЯ МЕЖДУ ЮНОШАМИ-ВАТЕРПОЛИСТАМИ И КОНТРОЛЬНОЙ ГРУППОЙ

М. Допсай, Почта milivoj@eunet.rs (Белградский университет, г. Белград, Сербия), orcid
З. Миялковски, Почта zoran.mijalkovski@gmail.com (Ассоциация Сербии по водному поло, г. Белград, Сербия), orcid
Н. Василовски, Почта kolewp@gmail.com (Ассоциация Сербии по водному поло, г. Белград, Сербия), orcid
Н. Чопич, Почта nemanjacopic@yahoo.com (УНИОН – Никола Тесла Университет, г. Белград, Сербия), orcid
М. Брзакович, Почта miodragbrzakovicfmmsp@gmail.com (Университет Бизнес Академия, г. Нови-Сад, Сербия), orcid
М. Маркович, Почта mm_milanm@yahoo.com (Белградский университет, г. Белград, Сербия), orcid

Аннотация


Цель. Данное исследование призвано подчеркнуть важность сократительной способности мышц рук и морфологических параметров в процессе отбора 15-летних ватерполистов разного уровня подготовленности. Материалы и методы. Настоящее исследование было проведено на выборке, состоящей из 103 человек, 37 из которых принадлежали к контрольной группе, 33 представляли игроков национальной юношеской лиги по водному поло, и еще 33 являлись ватерполистами юношеской сборной Сербии по водному поло. Помимо стандартных морфологических параметров были измерены показатели сократимости мышц левой и правой руки (HG_LиHG_R) с использованием двух разных параметров: максимальная мышечная сила – Fmax и максимальная взрывная сила – RFDmax. Результаты. Результаты исследования продемонстрировали наличие статистически значимых различий между тремя группами участников как с точки зрения морфологических параметров (значение Лямбды Уилкса: 0,333; F-критерий: 11,61; p = 0,000), так и в отношении мышечной силы и взрывной силы (значение Лямбды Уилкса: 0,590; F-критерий: 3,31; p = 0,000). Более того, полученные результаты показали, что игроки юношеской сборной Сербии имеют более высокие показатели Fmax и RFDmax, чем представители контрольной группы (32,8 % для Fmax_HG_Rи 63,7 % для RFDmax_HG_R) и игроки национальной юношеской лиги (28,8 % для Fmax_HG_Lи 43,0 % для RFDmax_HG_R). Таким образом, можно предположить, что наибольшие значения показателя максимальной взрывной силы и максимальной мышечной силы могут объясняться адаптивным эффектом тренировок верхних конечностей. Заключение. Результаты проведенного исследования говорят о важности характеристик мышечной силы и взрывной силы (Fmax и RFDmax), а также морфологических параметров (рост и вес) при отборе юношей-ватерполистов.


Ключевые слова


Водное поло, антропометрические характеристики, юношеский спорт, сжатие руки, максимальная сила, показатель развития силы, спортивный отбор

Полный текст:

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Литература


1. Aleksandrović M., Naumovski A., Radovanović D., Georgiev G., & Popovski D. The Influence of Basic Motor Abilities and Anthropometric Measures on the Specific Motor Skills of Talented Water Polo Players. Facta Universitatis-series: Physical Education and Sport, 2007, no. 5 (1), pp. 65–74.
2. Bao S., Silverstein B. Estimation of Hand Force in Ergonomic Job Evaluations. Ergonomics, 2005, no. 48 (3), pp. 288–301.
3. Vila H., Ferragut C., Argudo F.M., Abraldes J.A., Rodríguez N., Alacid F. Relationship Between Anthropometric Parameters and Throwing Velocity in Water Polo Players. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 2009, no. 4 (1), pp. 57–68.
4. Garrido R.J., Silva A.J., Fernandes R.J., Barbosa T.M., Costa A.M., Marinho D.A., Marques M.C. High Level Swimming Performance and Its Relation to Non-Specific Parameters: A Cross-Sectional Study on Maximum Handgrip Isometrics Strength. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2012, no. 114 (3), pp. 936–948. DOI 10.2466/05.10.25.PMS.114.3.936-948
5. Geladas N.D., Nassis G.P., Pavlicevic S. Somatic and Physical Traits Affecting Sprint Swimming Performance in Young Swimmers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2005, no. 26, pp. 139–144. DOI 10.1055/s-2004-817862
6. Davies B., Greenwood E.J., Jones S. Gender Difference in the Relationship of Performance in the Handgrip and Standing Long Jump Tests to Lean Limb Volume in Young Adults. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 1988, no. 58 (3), рр. 315–320.
7. Dopsaj, M., & Ivanović, J. The Analysis of the Reliability and Factorial Validity in the Basic Characteristics of Isometric F-t Curve of the Leg Extensors in Well Trained Serbian Males and Females. Measurement Science Review, 2011, no. 11 (5), pp. 165–172.
8. Dopsaj M. (2010). Karakteristike Ft krive: Analitički i dijagnostički značaj u sportu. U Stanković, R. (Ur.). Zbornik radova sa: XIV Međunarodni naučni skup FIS Komunikacije, 36–51.
9. Dopsaj M., Ivanović J., Blagojević M., Vučković G. Descriptive, functional and sexual dimorphism of explosive isometric hand grip force in healthy university students in Serbia. Facta Universitatis-series: Physical Education and Sport, 2009, no. 7 (2), pp. 125–139.
10. Dopsaj M., Aleksandrović M. Basic Anthropometrical Characteristic of Elite Senior Serbian Water Polo Players According to Field Position. International Journal of Fitness (A Journal of the Fitness Society of India), 2009, no. 52, pp. 47–57.
11. Dopsaj M., Madić D., Okičić T. The Assessment of the Acquisition of Various Crawl Style Modes in Water Polo Players with Respect to Age and Competitive Levels. Facta Universitatis series: Physical Education and Sport, 2007, no. 5 (2), pp. 109–120.
12. España-Romero V., Ortega F.B., Vicente-Rodríguez G., Artero E.G., Rey J.P., Ruiz J.R. Elbow Position Affects Handgrip Strength in Adolescents: Validity and Reliability of Jamar, DynEx, and TKK dynamometers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2010, no. 24 (1), pp. 272–277.
13. Ferragut C., Vila H., Abraldes J.A., Argudo F., Rodriguez N., Alcaraz P.E. Relationship Among Maximal Grip, Throwing Velocity and Anthropometric Parameters in Elite Water Polo Players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2011, no. 51 (1), pp. 26–32.
14. Frederiksen H., Gaist D., Christian Petersen H., Hjelmborg J., McGue M., Vaupel J.W., Christensen K. Hand Grip Strength: A Phenotype Suitable for Identifying Genetic Variants Affecting Mid- and Late-Life Physical Functioning. Genetic Epidemiology, 2002, no. 23 (2), pp. 110–122.
15. Häger-Ross C., Rösblad B. Norms for Grip Strength in Children Aged 4–16 Years. Acta Paediatrica, 2002, no. 91 (6), pp. 617–625.
16. Hair J., Anderson R., Tatham R., Black W. Multivariate Data Analysis (5th ed.). New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall. Inc., 1998.
17. Hans-Volkhart U. Complex of an athletic fitness with respect to selection and talent prognosis from a physiological point of view. Medicina Sportiva, 2004, no. 8 (2), pp. 45–52.
18. Koprivica V. Teorija Sportskog Treninga. Multigraf, Beograd, 2002. (in Serbian)
19. Knezevic O., Mirkov D., Kadija M., Nedeljkovic A., Jaric S. Asymmetries in Explosive Strength Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Knee, 2014, no. 21, pp. 1039–1045.
20. Lozovina, V., Pavičić, L. Anthropometric Changes in Elite Male Water Polo Players: Survey in 1980 and 1995. Croatian Medical Journal, 2004, no. 45 (2), pp. 202–205.

21. MacDougall J.D., Wenger H.A., Green H.J. Physiological Testing of the High-Performance Athlete. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Books, 1991.
22. Mazza J., Ackland T., Bach T., Cosolito P. Absolute Body Size. Kineanthropometry in Aquatic Sports. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 1994, pp. 15–54.
23. Milišić, B. Efficiency in Sport and Training Management Theory. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 2007, no. 1 (1), pp. 1–7.
24. Milishich B. Upravleniye trenirovkoy: uchebno-metodicheskoye posobiye [Management of Training. Educational-Methodical Manual]. St. Petersburg, Olimp Publ., 2007. (In Russ.)
25. Nicolay C.W., Walker A.L. Grip Strength and Endurance: Influences of Anthropometric Variation, Hand Dominance, and Gender. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2005, no. 35 (7), pp. 605–618.
26. Norton K.I., Marfell-Jones N., Kerr D., Kerr L.E., Carter L.K., Soddington K., Gore C., Lorraine K. Anthropometric Assessment Protocols (3rd Ed.), Canbera: Australian Sports Commission, 1998.
27. Platanou, T. Time-Motion Analysis of International Level Water Polo Players. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 2004, no. 46 (4), pp. 319–332.
28. Sahaly R., Vandewalle H., Driss T. and Monod H. Maximal Voluntary Force and Rate of Force Development in Humans – Importance of Instruction. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2001, no. 85, pp. 345–350.
29. Silva A.J., Costa A.M., Oliveira P.M., Reis V.M., Saavedra J., Perl J., Rouboa A., Marinho D.A. The Use of Neural Network Technology to Model Swimming Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 2007, no. 6 (1), pp. 117–125.
30. Tsekouras Y.E., Kavouras S.A., Campagna A., Kotsis Y.P., Syntosi S.S., Papazoglou K., & Sidossis L.S. The Anthropometrical and Physiological Characteristics of Elite Water Polo Players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2005, no. 95 (1), pp. 35–41.
31. Wind A.E., Takken T., Helders P.J., Engelbert R.H. Is Grip Strength a Predictor for Total Muscle Strength in Healthy Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults? European Journal of Pediatrics, 2010, no. 169 (3), pp. 281–287.
32. Yan J.H., Downing J.H. Effects of Aging, Grip Span, and Grip Style on Hand Strength. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2001, no. 72 (1), pp. 71–77.


References


1. Aleksandrović M., Naumovski A., Radovanović D., Georgiev G., & Popovski D. The Influence of Basic Motor Abilities and Anthropometric Measures on the Specific Motor Skills of Talented Water Polo Players. Facta Universitatis-series: Physical Education and Sport, 2007, no. 5 (1), pp. 65–74.
2. Bao S., Silverstein B. Estimation of Hand Force in Ergonomic Job Evaluations. Ergonomics, 2005, no. 48 (3), pp. 288–301.
3. Vila H., Ferragut C., Argudo F.M., Abraldes J.A., Rodríguez N., Alacid F. Relationship Between Anthropometric Parameters and Throwing Velocity in Water Polo Players. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 2009, no. 4 (1), pp. 57–68.
4. Garrido R.J., Silva A.J., Fernandes R.J., Barbosa T.M., Costa A.M., Marinho D.A., Marques M.C. High Level Swimming Performance and Its Relation to Non-Specific Parameters: A Cross-Sectional Study on Maximum Handgrip Isometrics Strength. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2012, no. 114 (3), pp. 936–948. DOI 10.2466/05.10.25.PMS.114.3.936-948
5. Geladas N.D., Nassis G.P., Pavlicevic S. Somatic and Physical Traits Affecting Sprint Swimming Performance in Young Swimmers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2005, no. 26, pp. 139–144. DOI 10.1055/s-2004-817862
6. Davies B., Greenwood E.J., Jones S. Gender Difference in the Relationship of Performance in the Handgrip and Standing Long Jump Tests to Lean Limb Volume in Young Adults. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 1988, no. 58 (3), рр. 315–320.
7. Dopsaj, M., & Ivanović, J. The Analysis of the Reliability and Factorial Validity in the Basic Characteristics of Isometric F-t Curve of the Leg Extensors in Well Trained Serbian Males and Females. Measurement Science Review, 2011, no. 11 (5), pp. 165–172.
8. Dopsaj M. (2010). Karakteristike Ft krive: Analitički i dijagnostički značaj u sportu. U Stanković, R. (Ur.). Zbornik radova sa: XIV Međunarodni naučni skup FIS Komunikacije, 36–51.
9. Dopsaj M., Ivanović J., Blagojević M., Vučković G. Descriptive, functional and sexual dimorphism of explosive isometric hand grip force in healthy university students in Serbia. Facta Universitatis-series: Physical Education and Sport, 2009, no. 7 (2), pp. 125–139.
10. Dopsaj M., Aleksandrović M. Basic Anthropometrical Characteristic of Elite Senior Serbian Water Polo Players According to Field Position. International Journal of Fitness (A Journal of the Fitness Society of India), 2009, no. 52, pp. 47–57.
11. Dopsaj M., Madić D., Okičić T. The Assessment of the Acquisition of Various Crawl Style Modes in Water Polo Players with Respect to Age and Competitive Levels. Facta Universitatis series: Physical Education and Sport, 2007, no. 5 (2), pp. 109–120.
12. España-Romero V., Ortega F.B., Vicente-Rodríguez G., Artero E.G., Rey J.P., Ruiz J.R. Elbow Position Affects Handgrip Strength in Adolescents: Validity and Reliability of Jamar, DynEx, and TKK dynamometers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2010, no. 24 (1), pp. 272–277.
13. Ferragut C., Vila H., Abraldes J.A., Argudo F., Rodriguez N., Alcaraz P.E. Relationship Among Maximal Grip, Throwing Velocity and Anthropometric Parameters in Elite Water Polo Players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2011, no. 51 (1), pp. 26–32.
14. Frederiksen H., Gaist D., Christian Petersen H., Hjelmborg J., McGue M., Vaupel J.W., Christensen K. Hand Grip Strength: A Phenotype Suitable for Identifying Genetic Variants Affecting Mid- and Late-Life Physical Functioning. Genetic Epidemiology, 2002, no. 23 (2), pp. 110–122.
15. Häger-Ross C., Rösblad B. Norms for Grip Strength in Children Aged 4–16 Years. Acta Paediatrica, 2002, no. 91 (6), pp. 617–625.
16. Hair J., Anderson R., Tatham R., Black W. Multivariate Data Analysis (5th ed.). New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall. Inc., 1998.
17. Hans-Volkhart U. Complex of an athletic fitness with respect to selection and talent prognosis from a physiological point of view. Medicina Sportiva, 2004, no. 8 (2), pp. 45–52.
18. Koprivica V. Teorija Sportskog Treninga. Multigraf, Beograd, 2002. (in Serbian)
19. Knezevic O., Mirkov D., Kadija M., Nedeljkovic A., Jaric S. Asymmetries in Explosive Strength Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Knee, 2014, no. 21, pp. 1039–1045.
20. Lozovina, V., Pavičić, L. Anthropometric Changes in Elite Male Water Polo Players: Survey in 1980 and 1995. Croatian Medical Journal, 2004, no. 45 (2), pp. 202–205.

21. MacDougall J.D., Wenger H.A., Green H.J. Physiological Testing of the High-Performance Athlete. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Books, 1991.
22. Mazza J., Ackland T., Bach T., Cosolito P. Absolute Body Size. Kineanthropometry in Aquatic Sports. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 1994, pp. 15–54.
23. Milišić, B. Efficiency in Sport and Training Management Theory. Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 2007, no. 1 (1), pp. 1–7.
24. Milishich B. Upravleniye trenirovkoy: uchebno-metodicheskoye posobiye [Management of Training. Educational-Methodical Manual]. St. Petersburg, Olimp Publ., 2007. (In Russ.)
25. Nicolay C.W., Walker A.L. Grip Strength and Endurance: Influences of Anthropometric Variation, Hand Dominance, and Gender. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2005, no. 35 (7), pp. 605–618.
26. Norton K.I., Marfell-Jones N., Kerr D., Kerr L.E., Carter L.K., Soddington K., Gore C., Lorraine K. Anthropometric Assessment Protocols (3rd Ed.), Canbera: Australian Sports Commission, 1998.
27. Platanou, T. Time-Motion Analysis of International Level Water Polo Players. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 2004, no. 46 (4), pp. 319–332.
28. Sahaly R., Vandewalle H., Driss T. and Monod H. Maximal Voluntary Force and Rate of Force Development in Humans – Importance of Instruction. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2001, no. 85, pp. 345–350.
29. Silva A.J., Costa A.M., Oliveira P.M., Reis V.M., Saavedra J., Perl J., Rouboa A., Marinho D.A. The Use of Neural Network Technology to Model Swimming Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 2007, no. 6 (1), pp. 117–125.
30. Tsekouras Y.E., Kavouras S.A., Campagna A., Kotsis Y.P., Syntosi S.S., Papazoglou K., & Sidossis L.S. The Anthropometrical and Physiological Characteristics of Elite Water Polo Players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2005, no. 95 (1), pp. 35–41.
31. Wind A.E., Takken T., Helders P.J., Engelbert R.H. Is Grip Strength a Predictor for Total Muscle Strength in Healthy Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults? European Journal of Pediatrics, 2010, no. 169 (3), pp. 281–287.
32. Yan J.H., Downing J.H. Effects of Aging, Grip Span, and Grip Style on Hand Strength. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2001, no. 72 (1), pp. 71–77.




DOI (PDF (English)): http://dx.doi.org/10.14529/hsm180301

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